Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis is a painful condition that affects the Achilles tendon, the thick band of tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is a common injury among runners and other athletes who engage in high-impact activities that stress the lower leg.

The main symptom of Achilles tendonitis is pain at the back of the heel, which may be accompanied by swelling, stiffness, and weakness in the affected area. The pain is usually worse in the morning or after periods of inactivity and may improve with gentle movement.

Causes of Achilles Tendonitis

Several factors can contribute to the development of Achilles tendonitis, including:

  • Overuse or repetitive stress on the Achilles tendon
  • Sudden increase in the intensity or duration of physical activity
  • Tight calf muscles or weak ankle muscles
  • Improper footwear or training on hard surfaces
  • Biomechanical issues such as flat feet or high arches

Treatment for Achilles Tendonitis

Treatment for Achilles tendonitis typically involves a combination of rest, ice, and gentle stretching exercises. In more severe cases, a physiotherapist or chiropractor may recommend additional treatments such as:

  • Ultrasound therapy reduces inflammation and promotes healing
  • Manual therapy techniques to improve joint mobility and reduce pain
  • Strengthening exercises to improve muscle balance and support the Achilles tendon
  • Orthotics or shoe inserts to correct biomechanical issues and reduce stress on the tendon

Prevention of Achilles Tendonitis

To prevent Achilles tendonitis, it is important to:

  • Gradually increase the intensity and duration of physical activity
  • Stretch the calf muscles regularly to maintain flexibility
  • Wear supportive shoes that fit properly and provide adequate cushioning
  • Avoid training on hard surfaces whenever possible
  • Listen to your body and rest when necessary to allow the tendon to heal

If you suspect you may have Achilles tendonitis, it is important to seek treatment from a qualified healthcare provider such as a physiotherapist or chiropractor. With proper care and rehabilitation, most people can recover from this condition and return to normal activities.

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